The team that worked on the smart headlight system. (Source:
The team that worked on the smart headlight system. (Source:

Science and Technology

Scientists Develop New Smart Headlight System For Better Visibility In Poor Conditions

Team Republic |

Scientists, including one of Indian origin, have developed a smart headlight system that can help drivers see through heavy rain or snowfall and safely navigate roads during stormy nights.

The system invented by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) in the US improves visibility by constantly redirecting light to shine between particles of precipitation. It prevents the distracting and sometimes dangerous glare that occurs when headlight beams are reflected by precipitation back toward the driver.

"If you're driving in a thunderstorm, the smart headlights will make it seem like it's a drizzle," said Srinivasa Narasimhan, CMU associate professor of robotics.

The system uses a camera to track the motion of raindrops and snowflakes and then applies a computer algorithm to predict where those particles will be just a few milliseconds later. The light projection system then adjusts to deactivate light beams that would otherwise illuminate the particles in their predicted positions.

"A human eye will not be able to see that flicker of the headlights," Narasimhan said. "And because the precipitation particles aren't being illuminated, the driver won't see the rain or snow either."

Here is a video by Carnegie Mellon University showing the principles and actual testing of the headlight system:

​Lab tests demonstrated that the smart headlight system could detect raindrops, predict its movement and adjust a light projector accordingly in 13 milliseconds. At low speeds, such a system could eliminate 70 to 80 percent of visible rain during a heavy storm, while losing only five or six percent of the light from the headlamp. In order to operate at highway speeds and to work effectively in snow and hail, the system's response will need to be reduced to just a few milliseconds. 

Lab tests have demonstrated the feasibility of the system and the researchers are confident that the speed of the system can be boosted.

Though a smart headlight system will never be able to eliminate all precipitation from the driver's field of view, simply reducing the amount of reflection and distortion caused by precipitation can substantially improve visibility and reduce driver distraction.

Another benefit is that the system also can detect oncoming cars and direct the headlight beams away from the eyes of those drivers, eliminating the need to shift from high to low beams.

The system has been in development since 2012, and gained a lot of media attention in the US in 2014. So far, there has been no corporate funding for the project. All of the funding for the project is from the University.

(With PTI inputs)