It was a jubilant atmosphere not just at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, but also across the country as the Chandrayaan-2 mission was launched successfully on Monday. There were congratulatory messages galore for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) as the Lunar exploration mission was launched at 2.43 PM. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman was among the eminent names to congratulate ISRO Chief Kailasavadivoo Sivan and his team.
Moments after the mission blasted off, Sitharaman tweeted, “Congratulations on #Chandrayaan2. Compliments to the entire team @isro."
Watch the video of the launch here:
This moon-lander and rover mission aims to investigate the unexplored south pole of the moon. With Chandrayaan-2, India aims at the soft landing on the Moon. If successful, it will be the fourth country after US, Russia and China to do so. Due to a technical glitch, ISRO delayed its launching on July 15. It declared that the launch is successful after July 22 launch.
What comprises Chandrayaan 2?
Chandrayaan 2 has two main components - Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) 'Bahubali' rocket and the Lunar module (orbiter, Lander 'Vikram' and rover 'Pragyan').
Bahubali - The 640-tonne GSLV Mk-III rocket stands 43 meters tall and has three stages for initial thrust, core booster, and cryogenic engine.
Lunar orbiter - The orbiter with eight payloads weighing 2310 kg, will orbit the moon with a lunar orbit of 100 km
Lander 'Vikram' - Named after India's space pioneer Vikram Sarabhai with four payloads, Vikram will land on the moon after separating from the orbiter and descend slowly up to 30km for a soft landing.
Rover 'Pragyan'- The six-wheeled rover with two payloads, will roam on the moon's surface
Here are the four points that the ISRO quotes that make Chandrayaan-2 special:
1st space mission to conduct a soft landing on the Moon's south polar region
1st Indian expedition to attempt a soft landing on the lunar surface with home-grown technology
1st Indian mission to explore the lunar terrain with home-grown technology
4th country ever to soft land on the lunar surface