Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), the Opposition party in Tamil Nadu hit out at the state government for celebrating the State's Formation Day on Friday, November 1, which was celebrated for the first time in nearly six decades after the 1956 Linguistic Reorganisation of States.
DMK is of the view that Tamil Nadu did not get what the state deserved in the linguistic reorganisation of states. A write-up in the party’s mouthpiece Murasoli read that homeland to Tamilians was deprived of its historic borders. During the States Reorganisation Act 1956, Tirupati which was the northern frontier since the Sangam era went to Andhra Pradesh, Kolar and Bengaluru were given to Karnataka whereas Devikulam and Peermedu were merged with Kerala.
Successive DMK and AIADMK governments did not celebrate the state formation day as Tamil Nadu was the successor state of Madras Presidency under the British. However, a section of scholars and Tamil nationalists have since pressed for celebrating the day. Tamil nationalist leaders like Pazha Nedumaran have accused the Dravidian parties of not celebrating the day because their dream of ‘Dravida Nadu’ has turned futile.
Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami chaired the celebrations at Kalaivanar Arangam where cultural programs were orchestrated. November 1, 1956, was the day on which the present boundary of Tamil Nadu was carved out from erstwhile Madras Province after the States Reorganisation Act 1956 came into force, redrawing boundaries along linguistic lines. Neighbouring states Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka have been celebrating their respective formation days in a grand manner every year but this is the first time, Tamil Nadu celebrated its formation day. Orissa, now known as Odisha was the first state to be formed on a linguistic basis followed by Andhra Pradesh.
On 26 January 1950, it was formed as Madras State by the Government of India. On 1st November 1956, the state boundaries were reorganized following linguistic lines. On 14th January 1969, the state was renamed to Tamil Nadu by then Chief Minister C.N.Annadurai.