In a notable move by the Narendra Modi government, Home Minister Amit Shah has proposed to revoke Article 370. The state of Jammu and Kashmir was also bifurcated into two union territories namely J&K and Ladakh, with the former having a legislature and the latter without one. Reacting to the same Former Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj called it a 'bold and historic' step and sent her salutes to 'One India'.
बहुत साहसिक और ऐतिहासिक निर्णय. श्रेष्ठ भारत - एक भारत का अभिनन्दन.— Sushma Swaraj (@SushmaSwaraj) August 5, 2019
A bold and historic decision. We salute our Great India - one India.
Prior to this, reacting to the proposal, National General Secretary Ram Madhav called it a 'glorious day' for India, and expressed his happiness since the country is moving towards integration of Jammu and Kashmir into Indian Union. He then went on to state that the martyrdom of thousands starting with Dr. Shyam Prasad Mukharjee is being honoured and that a seven-decade demand of the country is being realised upon.
In what is being dubbed as the most important decision by the Narendra Modi led Central government, Home Minister Amit Shah proposed revocation of Article 370 in the upper house of the Parliament amid massive ruckus by the Opposition.
What is Article 370?
It grants the state special status and exempts Jammu and Kashmir from following the Indian Constitution except for Article 1 and itself. It also restricts Parliament's legislative powers in Jammu and Kashmir. It was passed in the Constituent Assembly on May 27, 1949 and is the first article of Part XXI of the Indian Constitution. The heading of this part is ‘Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions’
What is Article 35 A?
Incorporated in the Constitution by a 1954 Presidential order, Article 35 A defines the permanent residents of the state of Jammu and Kashmir by giving special rights and privileges to the state subjects. It stems from Article 370 that gives autonomous right to Jammu and Kashmir. Abgorating Article 370 automatically also nullifies Article 35A.
The article is also referred to as Permanent Residents Law and bars woman belonging to the state from any property rights if she marries a person from outside the state. Even the children of such women do not get the right as they do not have any succession rights over the property.