Last Updated:

Over 1,500 People Died In 'elephant Attacks' In Last 3 Years: Govt Data

As many as 1,578 people have died in elephant attacks in the country in the last three years, with Odisha recording 322 such deaths, according to data shared by the Union Environment Ministry in Lok Sabha.

Elephant Attack in India

Image: PTI


As many as 1,578 people have died in elephant attacks in the country in the last three years, with Odisha recording 322 such deaths, according to data shared by the Union Environment Ministry in Lok Sabha.

The ministry said 585 deaths occurred "due to elephant attacks" in 16 states in 2019-20; 461 fatalities took place in 2020-21 and 532 people died in 2021-22 in such incidents.

Odisha reported the maximum number of deaths in elephant attacks in the last three years – 117 in 2019; 93 in 2020; and 112 in 2021, Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav said in the Lok Sabha.

A total of 291 people died in elephant attacks in Jharkhand, 240 in West Bengal, 229 in Assam, 183 in Chhattisgarh and 132 in Tamil Nadu.

Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya and Andhra Pradesh saw 69, 57, 12 and 10 such deaths, respectively, during the period.   The ministry said the management of wildlife, including mitigation and management of human-elephant conflict (HEC), is primarily the responsibility of states and Union Territories.

In addition, the ministry provides financial and technical assistance to states and UTs under the centrally-sponsored 'Project Elephant' scheme for protection and conservation of elephants and their habitats in the country.

To reduce man-elephant conflict and to avoid retaliatory killing of elephants, compensation is provided to local communities for loss of their property and life.

Various other schemes being implemented by the ministry contribute to the improvement in the natural habitat of elephants by augmenting water sources, planting of fodder trees, regeneration of bamboo etc.

The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act 2016 and the Rules made thereunder also provide for the use of the fund for the development of wildlife habitats, including for elephants, establishment of animal rescue centres, etc. which also contribute to reduction in human-elephant conflicts.

The ministry had issued guidelines for the "Management of Human Elephant Conflict" in 2017. In April this year, it had released a field manual for frontline staff to manage such cases.

Critical elephant habitats are notified as 'elephant reserves' for focus and synergy in elephant conservation and to reduce conflict. So far, 32 elephant reserves have been established in the country. 

Image: PTI

(Disclaimer: This story is auto-generated from a syndicated feed; only the image & headline may have been reworked by www.republicworld.com)

First Published: