PM Modi Releases First Ever 'Dictionary Of Martyrs' Of India's Freedom Struggle Between 1857 To 1947, Details Inside

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi Thursday released Dictionary of Martyrs - India's Freedom Struggle compiled by Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) and Ministry of Culture.

Written By Digital Desk | Mumbai | Updated On:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday released the first ever "Dictionary of Martyrs - India's Freedom Struggle", a five-volume series identifying the names of 14,000 martyrs between the period of 1857 and 1947, in New Delhi. 

The Ministry of Culture and the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) have compiled the "Dictionary of Martyrs" showing the martyrs' biographical histories from the Indian Freedom struggle from the year 1857 to 1947 when the country achieved independence. 

The dictionary defines a martyr as 'a person who died or who was killed in action or in detention, or was awarded capital punishment while participating in the national movement for emancipation of India'. 

Speaking on the occasion, PM Modi said this five-volume dictionary contains an account of the martyrs from India’s First War of Independence in 1857, to India’s Independence in 1947.

READ: Here's What PM Modi Wrote On The National War Memorial's Visitor's Book Right After Inaugurating It

Information of about 13,500 martyrs has been recorded in these volumes. The dictionary includes the histories of martyrs of

  • 1857 Uprising
  • Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (1919)
  •  NonCooperation Movement (1920-22)
  • Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-34)
  • Quit India Movement (1942-44)
  • Revolutionary Movements (1915-34)
  • Kissan Movements, Tribal Movements
  • Agitation for Responsible Government in the Princely States (Prajamandal)
  • Indian National Army (INA, 1943-45)
  • Royal Indian Navy Upsurge (RIN, 1946)
  • Ex-INA or ex-military personnel who died fighting the British and many more

Earlier in February, PM Modi dedicate the National War Memorial (Rashtriya Samar Smaarak) to the sacrifice of the Indian soldiers and to the nation. The memorial is a tribute to the soldiers who were martyred while defending the peace and harmony of the country during Sino-Indian war in1962, Indo-Pak wars in 1947, 1965 and 1971, Indian Peace Keeping Force Operations in Sri Lanka and in the Kargil Conflict in 1999.

Furthermore, the memorial also commemorates the soldiers who participated and made supreme sacrifice in UN Peace Keeping Missions, during HADR Operations, Counter Insurgency Operations and Low-Intensity Capital Operation (LICO).

READ: PM Modi To Unveil National War Memorial As A Fitting Tribute To India's Martyrs. Here's All You Need To Know About It

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