Prime Minister Narendra Modi is going to dedicate the National War Memorial (Rashtriya Samar Smaarak) to the nation on Monday. Located at the heart of New Delhi, the National War Memorial is a state-of-art monument, dedicated to the sacrifice of the Indian soldiers for the country.
The memorial is a tribute to the soldiers who were martyred while defending the peace and harmony of the country during Sino-Indian war in1962, Indo-Pak wars in 1947, 1965 and 1971, Indian Peace Keeping Force Operations in Sri Lanka and in the Kargil Conflict in 1999.
Furthermore, the memorial also commemorates the soldiers who participated and made supreme sacrifice in UN Peace Keeping Missions, during HADR Operations, Counter Insurgency Operations and Low-Intensity Capital Operation (LICO).
The main structure of the monument has been built in the form of four chakras, each signifying different values of the security forces:
The 'Amar Chakra' or Circle of Immortality: The inner-most circle consists of the eternal frame and obelisk. The obelisk stands at a height of 15.5 metres and is visible even from a distance as one enters the complex.
The 'Veerta Chakra' or Circle of Bravery: The Veerta Chakra complex includes a central obelisk, an eternal flame, six bronze murals depicting famous battles fought by Indian Army, Air Force and Navy in a covered gallery. Each mural weighs between 600 kg and 1,000 kg.
The 'Tyag Chakra' or Circle of Sacrifice: Tyag Chakra has been made entirely of granite bricks, each bearing the name of a fallen soldier since Independence. 16 walls have been constructed in this circle for paying homage to the 25,942 battle casualties. The names of soldiers who have made supreme sacrifice have been inscribed in golden letters on granite tablets arranged in a circular pattern which symbolises the ancient Indian war formation 'Chakravyuh'.
The 'Rakshak Chakra' or Circle of Protection: The final chakra surrounds the other three, consisting of over 600 trees that will act as a wall and represent the soldiers who protect the country.
The National War Memorial represents the culmination of the collective aspiration of a grateful nation to pay a befitting tribute to the martyrs of the country. The entry to the memorial is going to be free for all, but with time constraints. It will also be the host of retreat ceremonies every evening.
(With agency inputs)