The border issues between India and China remains unresolved and thus far, there has been no mutually acceptable solution, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh told Parliament in a highly awaited speech on Tuesday. Singh said that China disagrees on the border, including the Line of Actual Control (LAC), and doesn't recognise traditional and customary alignment of the boundary.
"India and China border issue remain unresolved. Till now, there has been no mutually acceptable solution. China disagrees on the border and doesn't recognise the traditional and customary alignment of the boundary. We consider that this alignment is based on well-established geographical principals confirmed by treaties and agreements, as well as historical usage and practice, well-known for centuries to both sides.." Rajnath Singh told lawmakers in Lok Sabha.
India and China border issue remains unresolved. Till now, there has been no mutually acceptable solution. China disagrees on border: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh in Lok Sabha pic.twitter.com/etDBB8xipB— ANI (@ANI) September 15, 2020
The Defence Minister mentioned that as yet there is no commonly delineated LAC in the border areas between India and China and there is no common perception of the entire LAC. "Therefore, in order to ensure peace and tranquility in the border areas, especially along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the two countries have concluded a number of agreements and protocols," he said.
Rajnath Singh strongly asserted India’s position that while bilateral relations can continue to develop in parallel with discussions on resolving the boundary question, "any serious disturbance in peace and tranquility along the LAC in the border areas is bound to have implications for the positive direction of our ties."
Moreover, the Defence Minister said New Delhi has conveyed its displeasure over Beijing's unilateral attempts to alter the status quo in regions like eastern Ladakh through diplomatic channels.
"We have told China through diplomatic channels that the attempts to unilaterally alter the status quo were in violation of the bilateral agreements," he said and called out violent conduct of Chinese troops in a clear violation of all past agreements. Singh assured that the government and the armed forces are ready to deal with the situation.
He asked Lok Sabha MPs to pass a resolution "that we stand shoulder to shoulder with our armed forces who are guarding our borders to safeguard India's sovereignty and integrity".
Earlier, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar had also said that tensions at the LAC and China's repeated intrusions will impact the broader relations between New Delhi and Beijing.
Tensions between India and China have remained high since May when the Chinese PLA made repeated attempts to transgress the LAC in eastern Ladakh using its usual playbook. The most heated exchange came on the night of June 15 when Indian and Chinese troops engaged in a brutal physical brawl at the Galwan Valley which led to casualties on both sides.
Though military and diplomatic level engagements continued, the PLA continued its nefarious attempts to intrude into India territory in key locations like Pangong Tso, Depsang and Dogra Post. The Indian Army has repeatedly thwarted such attempts and now controls strategic heights in areas of the south bank of Pangong Tso.