Gastroesophageal reflux disease, also abbreviated as GERD, is frequent or chronic reflux. Patients usually experience the symptoms at least two times a week, if not more. In the United States, GERD is one of the most commonly diagnosed gastrointestinal diseases, with nearly 20 per cent of the adult population experiencing symptoms regularly. When this disease is left untreated, it can lead to serious complications such as changes to the oesophagal structure or Barrett’s oesophagus. Acid reflux has a variety of causes that can lead to GERD. These include, (but are not limited to) diet, genetics, age and previous injuries.
GERD or Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a condition that affects the lower oesophagal sphincter. It is the muscle between the oesophagus and stomach. According to studies, it is when stomach acid keeps flowing back into the tube which connects your mouth to your stomach. This frequent flow of acid corrodes the lining of the oesophagus which can cause irritation. According to research, people who are habitual drinkers, smokers or tobacco chewers suffer from GERD since all of these come under substances that trigger the condition. One of the most common and prominent symptoms of this condition is heartburn.
Treatment for GERD varies from person to person depending on the severity of the symptoms. Some mild sufferers may experience relief by implementing simple lifestyle changes. While other patients can control symptoms through medication therapy. However, the commonly used medications like Proton Pump Inhibitors that are prescribed to control GERD symptoms have their own side effects and limitations. It may not be the best long-term solution for GERD.