Chinese inflation almost doubled last month to its highest level in four years, data showed as holiday spending added to growing inflationary pressures in the world's second-largest economy.
The the key consumer price index (CPI) hit 2.9 per cent in February, up from 1.5 per cent in January and better than the 2.5 per cent forecast in a survey by Bloomberg News.
China aims to keep CPI growth at "around three percent" in 2018, Premier Li Keqiang said earlier this week in his annual state-of-the-nation speech to the National People's Congress (NPC), China's rubber-stamp legislature.
The year-on-year figure from the National Bureau of Statistics was fanned by the Lunar New Year - which began on February 16 - as Chinese typically purchase large amounts of food and gifts before the holiday, driving up prices.
Hundreds of millions of Chinese travelling back to their hometowns for the holiday also boost transportation prices.
But with the holiday now past, "year-on-year CPI growth will fall to some extent in March", NBS analyst Sheng Guoqing said.
The producer price index (PPI) - an important barometer of the industrial sector that measures the cost of goods at the factory gate - came in at 3.7 per cent on-year.
That fell slightly short of the 3.8 percent forecast by Bloomberg News and was down from the 4.3 per cent in the previous month.
"We can't ignore the much higher consumer inflation pressure this year, and that's what the central bank is looking at," Shen Jianguang, chief Asia economist at Mizuho Securities Asia Ltd in Hong Kong, told Bloomberg News.
"Monetary policy is already tightening."
Liu Xuezhi, an analyst at Bank of Communications Co. in Shanghai added that PPI would likely see moderate growth but was not expected to fall into negative territory.
"PPI will likely see moderate growth, but is unlikely to fall into negative territory," .
Sustained inflation could complicate the efforts of the central bank to stimulate economic activity while also continuing a campaign to tighten regulation of the finance sector to curb surging credit and risky loans.