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READ: Here's The Voting System That Will Decide The Crucial UNSC Decision On Designating Masood Azhar As A 'global Terrorist'

Written By Daamini Sharma | Mumbai | Published:

The fate of the proposal to designate Pakistan-based Masood Azhar as a global terrorist by the UN Security Council will be known in less than two hours when the deadline to raise objections to the bid expires. The proposal to designate Azhar under the 1267 Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee of the UN Security Council was moved by France, UK and the US on February 27, however, China has maintained a non-committal stand on the issue. 

Here's the voting system that will decide the crucial UNSC decision on designating Masood Azhar as a global terrorist:

Voting System

Vote and Majority Required: Article 27 of the UN Charter states that:

  • Each member of the Security Council shall have one vote
  • Decisions of the Security Council on procedural matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members
  • Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members; provided that, in decisions under Chapter VI, and under paragraph 3 of Article 52, a party to a dispute shall abstain from voting

The Right to Veto

The creators of the United Nations Charter conceived that five countries — China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) [which was succeeded in 1990 by the Russian Federation], the United Kingdom and the United States — because of their key roles in the establishment of the United Nations, would continue to play important roles in the maintenance of international peace and security.

They were granted the special status of Permanent Member States at the Security Council, along with a special voting power known as the "right to veto".

It was agreed by the drafters that if any one of the five permanent members cast a negative vote in the 15-member Security Council, the resolution or decision would not be approved. All five permanent members have exercised the right of veto at one time or another.

If a permanent member does not fully agree with a proposed resolution but does not wish to cast a veto, it may choose to abstain, thus allowing the resolution to be adopted if it obtains the required number of nine favourable votes.

 Read: UNSC To Vote On Designating Masood Azhar As 'global Terrorist', All Eyes On China: LIVE UPDATES

Masood Azhar, chief of the Jaish-e-Mohammed, is repsonsible for carrying out many terror strikes in India and was involved in the attack on Parliament in 2001, the Pathankot air force base in 2016, army camps in Jammu and Uri, and the latest suicide attack on CRPF in Pulwama which claimed the lives of 40 personnel.

The United States of America, United Kingdom and France moved a resolution seeking to designate the JeM chief as 'global terrorist'.

While India has been receiving constant support from a number of nations, their biggest concern in this development comes in the form of China, which has on three occasions in the past 10 years blocked Masood Azhar's listing as a global terrorist.

Despite pressure from across the globe, China remains non-committal on this matter. Earlier, Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Lu Kang while talking about the issue had said: 

"On the issue, I want to say that China always adopts a responsible attitude, engage in consultation with various parties properly deal with this issue. The discussion, I want to say must follow the rules and procedures and relevant bodies and only the solution that is acceptable to all sides is conducive for resolving the issue".

Once recognised under the United Nations terror list, Masood will face a global travel ban and his assets will be frozen. The listing will also help India proving how Pakistan has been an epicentre for hatching terrorist plans and providing safe havens to the terrorist outfits.