The Trump administration has discussed a potential missile defense cooperation with India as part of its effort to deepen the bilateral strategic partnership, the Pentagon has said, asserting that New Delhi is a “key element” in America’s Indo-Pacific strategy.
The Pentagon’s announcement in the 81-page ‘Missile Defense Review’ report released by President Donald Trump gains significance in view of India placing a $5 billion order to purchase S-400 air defense system from Russia, for which the US has publicly expressed its displeasure.
Noting that the threats posed by offensive missile capabilities are no longer limited to a few regions around the world, the Pentagon in its report said there were now a number of States in South Asia that are developing an advanced and diverse range of ballistic and cruise missile capabilities.
“Within this context, the United States has discussed potential missile defense cooperation with India. This is a natural outgrowth of India’s status as a Major Defense Partner and key element of our Indo-Pacific Strategy,” said the Pentagon report on Thursday.
The report, which identifies missile development projects by Russia and China as major threats to the U.S., did not give any further details about its potential missile defense cooperation with India. The U.S. has shown reluctance to offer its missile defense system to India.
Given the tough neighbourhood that India is in, New Delhi several years ago had approached the U.S. and expressed its desire to acquire a missile defense system from it, particularly the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system popular as THAAD.
The previous Obama administration was not very forthcoming in sharing its advanced missile defense system with India, following which New Delhi went ahead to procure it from Russia.
As part of its Indo-Pacific strategy, the Trump administration now seems to be more than inclined to let India procure its missile defense system with talks between the two countries have already started.
“We will deepen our strategic partnership with India and support its leadership role in Indian Ocean security and throughout the broader region,” said the 2017 National Security Strategy of the U.S., which has been mentioned in the Pentagon report.
The Missile Defense Review report said that the cornerstone of U.S.’ security and diplomacy in the Indo-Pacific region is its strong bilateral alliances with Japan, South Korea, and Australia, and emerging security relationships with others such as India.
Japan and South Korea are working with the U.S. to build missile defense systems that are increasingly interoperable with American defenses and increasingly capable of regional offensive missile threats and coercion. This cooperation includes bilateral missile defense training exercises with the US.
Australia participates in a trilateral discussion on missile defense with the U.S. and Japan. The U.S. and Australia meet annually to discuss bilateral missile defense cooperation. New areas of focus include a joint examination of the challenges posed by advanced missile threats, it said.