Updated June 2nd, 2024 at 22:38 IST

Common Rashes That Affect Newborns And When To Seek Aid

Extreme caution is advised when using topical steroids found in many over-the-counter creams or those prescribed by non-medical professionals.

Baby's skin | Image:Unsplash
Advertisement

Rashes are a frequent occurrence in newborns, especially during the first four weeks of life. This period involves various dermatologic skin issues, most of which are harmless and temporary. A newborn’s skin, the largest organ, undergoes significant changes post-birth as it adapts to the external environment. The skin, being sensitive, thin, and fragile, has an underdeveloped barrier system, making it susceptible to trauma, irritations, and infections. Consequently, it also absorbs topical medications more readily than mature adult skin.

Extreme caution is advised when using topical steroids found in many over-the-counter creams or those prescribed by non-medical professionals. Most skin conditions in newborns are physiological, including small white bumps on the face or body, pigmentation, temporary redness, flaky skin on the face and scalp, and crusting on the scalp. These conditions generally resolve on their own with basic skincare involving mild cleansers and moisturizers to prevent further irritation.

Advertisement

When to visit a Dermatologist?

Persistent dry, rough skin: If the skin remains dry, rough, scaly, or cracked despite moisturizing, it warrants professional attention.

Advertisement

Red patches: Persistent red patches that remain in one place for days or are temporary but recurrent should be evaluated.

Inflamed, itchy skin: Patches of inflamed, itchy skin that ooze or crust, often indicated by the baby rubbing or scratching, are signs of discomfort and irritation.

Advertisement
Image credit: Unsplash
Image credit: Unsplash

Temperature sensitivity: Babies with dry, sensitive skin may react strongly to temperature changes, developing dry patches in cold weather or appearing flushed in heat or sunlight. Even mild sunlight exposure can trigger a reaction.

Allergic reactions: Babies with sensitive skin are more prone to allergies from fabrics, detergents, fragrances, or skincare products, leading to red, itchy patches, hives, swelling, or itching.

Advertisement
Image credit: Unsplash
Image credit: Unsplash

For newborns with sensitive skin, it is advisable to dress them in loose, cotton clothing to minimize skin reactions to products or clothing.

Advertisement

Published June 2nd, 2024 at 22:38 IST