Updated May 15th, 2024 at 21:08 IST

Essential Tips For Preventing Oral Cancer And Recognising Signs

The contributors of oral cancer include genetic predispositions, environmental factors, and lifestyle choices like tobacco and excessive alcohol.

Oral Cancer | Image:Unsplash
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Oral cancer, a critical health concern, often remains unnoticed until it becomes severe. Major contributors include genetic predispositions, environmental factors, and lifestyle choices, with tobacco and excessive alcohol use among the primary catalysts. Tobacco products contain chemicals that potentially alter cellular structures in the mouth and throat, elevating cancer risks. Similarly, alcohol can irritate oral tissues, fostering cellular anomalies that might evolve into cancer.

Poor oral hygiene further compounds these risks by enabling harmful bacteria to flourish, which may increase cancer susceptibility. Recognizing symptoms early is crucial for effective management and treatment of this life-threatening condition.

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Signs of oral cancer

Key indicators of oral cancer include persistent sores or ulcers in the mouth or on the lips that do not heal, inexplicable bleeding, and challenges with chewing or swallowing. Other symptoms may involve prolonged sore throat, vocal changes, or numbness in the mouth and lips.

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Imaghe credit: Unsplash
Imaghe credit: Unsplash

Prevention strategies

Cease tobacco use: Eliminating tobacco in any form—smoking, chewing, or other—is vital. This includes cigarettes, bidis, pipes, hookah, as well as raw tobacco and gutka.

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Avoid alcohol: Reducing or quitting alcohol consumption can significantly decrease the risk, particularly since its carcinogenic effects intensify when combined with tobacco use.

Image credit: Unsplash
Image credit: Unsplash

Maintain oral hygiene: Regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups are imperative. These practices help detect early changes in the mouth that could signify cancer.

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Self-exams: Conduct monthly self-examinations for any new or unusual symptoms like ulcers, discolorations, or swellings. Early detection through these self-checks can be critical.

Timely intervention and following professional guidance can dramatically improve outcomes for those diagnosed with oral cancer. With early detection being a pivotal factor in treatment success, these preventive measures are essential not only for reducing the risk of developing oral cancer but also for ensuring a better quality of life. By adopting these practices, individuals can protect their health and potentially thwart the progression of this severe disease.
 

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Published May 15th, 2024 at 21:08 IST