Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's grandnephew Chandra Kumar Bose speaks to Republic TV on the 100th anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Freedom fighter Udham Singh's family speaks to Republic TV on 100th anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Congress President Rahul Gandhi, Punjab CM Captain Amarinder Singh and Navjot Singh Sidhu arrive at Jallianwala Bagh to pay homage to the martyrs.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi pays tribute to the martyrs of "horrific" Jaliianwala Bagh.
Amritsar: British High Commissioner to India Sir Dominic Asquith's message in the visitor's book at Jallianwala Bagh memorial.
"The event of Jallianwala Bagh 100 years ago reflects a shameful act in British-Indian history. We deeply regret what happened and the suffering caused. I am pleased today that the UK and India have remained committed to developing together a thriving 21st-century partnership", reads Sir Dominic Asquith's message.
British High Commissioner to India Sir Dominic Asquith lays a wreath at JalianwalaBagh memorial on the commemoration of 100 years of the massacre.
April 13, 2019 marks the 100 years of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Considered one of the deadliest attacks in the history of the world, the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre led to the deaths of hundreds of unarmed Indians by the soldiers of the British Indian Army in Amritsar.
To mark the 100 years of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu will pay homage and give ex-gratia to the family of martyrs.Congress President Rahul Gandhi and Punjab CM Captain Amarinder Singh will also pay homage at 8:30 am.
Earlier on Friday, Punjab CM Captain Amarinder Singh along with Governor VPS Badnore led a candlelight march for the martyrs of the Jallianwala Bagh incident, a day ahead of the 100 years of the incident.
Captain Singh and the Punjab Governor paid tribute to the martys of the Jallianwala Bagh by holding the march from the Town Hall via the Golden Temple to the Jallianwala Bagh Memorial. They also maintained silence in memory of the martyrs.
On Wednesday, British Prime Minister Theresa May described the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre on April 13, 1919 as a "shameful scar" on the British Indian history. She, however, stopped short of a formal apology demanded by a cross-section of British parliamentarians in the previous debates. In a statement, marking the 100 years of Jallianwala massacre, she said:
"The tragedy of Jallianwala Bagh of 1919 is a shameful scar on British Indian history. As Her Majesty the Queen (Elizabeth II) said before visiting Jallianwala Bagh in 1997, it is a distressing example of our past history with India."
Here's what happened 100 years ago on April 13, 1919:
Jallianwala Bagh massacre was one of deadliest attacks in the history of the world and also marked a turning point in India's freedom struggle. At the Jallianwala Bagh, which is a garden spread across 6 to 7 acres in Amritsar in Punjab, a large gathering of 15,000-20,000 people with a majority of Sikhs, had gathered to celebrate Baisakhi, the Punjabi harvest festival. They had also gathered to revolt against the repressive Rowlatt Act that led to stricter control of the press, arrests without warrant and indefinite detention without trial. They also came together in solidarity to condemn the arrest and deportation of two national leaders - Satya Pal and Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew. The Baisakhi pilgrims had no idea on what they were about to face.
Around 50 soldiers of the British Indian Army marched into the garden space, commanded by Colonel Reginald Dyer and sealed the exits. On his orders, the troops indiscriminately fired on the group of gathered civilians for about 10 minutes till the ammunition ran short. Unable to escape, people tried to climb the walls of the park but failed. Many jumped in the only well inside the garden to save themselves from the bullets.
Colonial-era records show about 400 people died in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre when soldiers opened fire on men, women and children in an enclosed area, but Indian figures put the toll at closer to 1,000. 1,650 rounds of bullets were used in the attack, the reports suggest.
(With inputs from agencies)