Chandrayaan 2's Vikram lander is set to start the final leg of its mission, which is to make a landing on the Moon early on Saturday morning. Dr. Jitendra Singh, Minister of State for Prime Minister's Office, in a tweet, hailed the "historic moment" in anticipation when the Moon lander will touch down on the lunar surface. Chandrayaan 2 will be the first Indian mission to explore the lunar terrain with homegrown technology and was launched at 2:43 p.m. on July 22, 2019, from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.
Chandrayaan 2's lander, known as Vikram, has already achieved the final orbit maneuver required to commence the final descent towards the Moon. The lander is named after Dr. Vikram A Sarabhai, the father of the Indian Space Programme. The lander is designed to execute a soft landing on the lunar surface. The Lander is scheduled to perform a powered descent between 1 a.m. and 2 a.m. on September 7, 2019, and will be followed by the touch down of Lander between 1:30 a.m. - 2:30 a.m. The soft-land will be attempted by the lander, Vikram and the rover Pragyan in the high plains between two craters Manzinus C and Simpelius N. Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian lunar mission that will boldly go where no country has ever gone before - the Moon's south polar region. Through this effort, the aim is to improve our understanding of the Moon - discoveries that will benefit India and humanity as a whole. The mission is undertaken for extensive mapping of the lunar surface to study variations in lunar surface composition is essential to trace back the origin and evolution of the Moon. It will also be a follow up on Chandrayaan-1, which discovered evidence of water molecules.
Chandrayaan 1 took off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota on October 22, 2008. Chandrayaan 1 confirmed the presence of water molecules on Moon's surface on November 14, 2008, and the mission ended on August 28, 2009.
ISRO chairperson K Sivan earlier described power descent of the lander as 15 minutes of terror. He said, “It will be a terrifying moment for us. Everybody’s eyes would be glued to their consoles. The telemetry parameters will keep telling us that we are going in the right direction, but at the same time, there will be a lot of anxiety about what will happen in the next moment".