Environment experts have said inducing artificial rain by cloud-seeding to wash away pollutants in Delhi may bring relief but only for a short duration, and the government should take systematic and coordinated actions to reduce air pollution at source.
They said measures to bring down air pollution levels should be undertaken without having a second thought, but there is also a need for a long-term and focused approach to address this problem.
With air pollution levels in Delhi often reaching alarming levels during winters, authorities have said they might induce artificial rain by cloud-seeding to wash away pollutants in the air.
They, however, did not say when do they plan to do that.
Environment experts said policymakers should pay attention to an aggressive shift away from polluting fuels and also focus on the strict implementation of rules and regulations to control air pollution in Delhi.
"Cloud-seeding might give relief for a short span of time from air pollution by virtue of washing down the pollutants from the air but for how long? It is nowhere near to a solution to pollution," Greenpeace India's senior campaigner Sunil Dahiya said.
"Once the pollutants are released into the air trapping them is going to be an energy-intensive process and can not be done at a largescale over sustained, longer time periods," he said.
Cloud-seeding is the process of combining different kinds of chemical agents, including silver iodide, dry ice and even table salt, in clouds to thicken them and increase the chance of rainfall.
In 2016, the government tried to explore the possibility of cloud-seeding for artificial rain but the plan never worked out.
"If the government is serious about reducing pollution levels and make the air breathable, systematic and coordinated actions to reduce pollution at source by adopting efficient pollution control technologies and systematically eliminating polluting sources is the only way.
"Strict implementation of rules and regulation to control pollution with aggressive shift away from polluting fuels of past should get the priority and attention of our policy makers," Dahiya said.
He said the Delhi government and the Union Environment Ministry have to be serious about coming out with a time-bound and target-oriented National Clean Air Action Plan for "absolute" pollution level reduction.
"We are in the midst of a health emergency and without any further delay we have to get on to executing the plan to control multiple sources attributing to air pollution. We sincerely hope that India will keep its commitment made in WHO's air pollution and health conference to notify the NCAP by December 2018," Dahiya said.
Another expert maintained that since Delhi reels under severe pollution levels during winters, any measure which brings the levels down must be done "without second thoughts".
Aishwarya Sudhir, senior researcher, Climate Trends, said, "Delhi is still reeling under severe pollution levels, any measure that can bring down the pollution levels must be done without second thoughts.
"However, the larger question remains the need for longterm, focused approach to address the problem at it's source, be it transport or crop burning," Sudhir said.