Oral thrush is a mouth and throat fungal infection. It is caused by the yeast fungus Candida that grows in the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat. Most people have some of the fungi in their mouth lining membranes and it usually does not cause severe problems. But the yeast can thrive and lead to an infection under certain conditions. White spots, patches and red inflamed areas of your body and throat are among the symptoms of oral thrush. It is sometimes very painful too.
How to prevent oral thrush
- When using a corticosteroid inhaler, rinse your mouth with water or brush your teeth after taking your medication.
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily or as frequently as recommended by your dentist.
- Make sure that your dentures fit correctly and do not cause irritation. Clean your dentures daily. Ask your dentist about the best way to clean your dentures. Remove your dentures before you go to bed.
- Look at what you are eating. Try to limit the intake of foods that contain sugar. Having foods that are high in sugar may encourage candida’s growth.
- If you have diabetes, maintain good blood sugar control. Well-controlled blood sugar can lower your sugar amount in your saliva, discouraging candida's growth.
- Ask your doctor how your dry mouth can be treated.
Also read: Tooth staining, oral health issues resulting from smoking: How to quit
Other simple tips
- Clean the spaces between your teeth. Remove plaque and bits of food carefully and ensure that the mucous membranes are not injured.
- Rinse your mouth with a mouthwash.
- Use a soft toothbrush.
Also read: Food for Healthy Teeth: Tips for oral health and dental hygiene
For those with a weakened immune system, for example, due to a chronic illness or cancer treatment, the risk of oral thrush is higher. It is frequently common in people with HIV / AIDS. Some people eat very little because of mouth and throat pain, which can make their body weaker.
Also read: Periodontitis: A dental ailment we should better be aware of
Also read: Best toothbrush for efficient dental care - know how to choose it