Science

Did You Know? The Lander Of Chandrayaan-2 Is Named 'Vikram' After Late Dr. Vikram Sarabhai: Everything You Need To Know

Written By Tanmay Patange | Mumbai | Published:

Hack:

  • One of the lesser-known facts about this mission is the lander, which is designed for the moon landing, is named 'Vikram' after late Dr. Vikram Sarabhai
  • Dr. Sarabhai was widely regarded as the father of India's space programme and we take a look at his inspiring life journey

The launch of India's first moon landing mission, Chandrayaan-2, was successful. ISRO's GSLV Mk-III rocket that consists of three modules, namely Orbiter, Vikram Lander and Pragyan Rover, successfully placed Chandrayaan-2 into Earth orbit from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh at 02:43 PM today. But one of the lesser-known facts about this mission is the lander, which is designed for the moon landing, is named 'Vikram' after late Dr. Vikram Sarabhai.

# Dr. Sarabhai was widely regarded as the father of India's space programme and we take a look at his inspiring life journey.

Photo: ISRO

# Born in August 12, 1919, Dr. Sarabhai was always considered a great institution builder who established or helped to establish several institutions across different fields.

# At the age of 28, Dr. Sarabhai founded the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad. The PRL was also known as the cradle of space sciences in India.

Photo: Physical Research Laboratory / ISRO

# Sarabhai was Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and he also had a very important role to play in the creation of IIM Ahemdabad.

# In 1966, Dr. Sarabhai founded a Community Science Centre at Ahmedabad as he was very interested in science education. Today, the Centre is known as the Vikram A Sarabhai Community Science Centre

These are some of the most well-known institutions established by Dr. Sarabhai:

  • Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad
  • Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad
  • Community Science Centre, Ahmedabad
  • Darpan Academy for Performing Arts, Ahmedabad (along with his wife)
  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad (This institution came into existence after merging six institutions/centres established by Sarabhai)
  • Faster Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR), Kalpakkam
  • Variable Energy Cyclotron Project, Calcutta
  • Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Hyderabad
  • Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL), Jaduguda, Bihar

One of the greatest achievements of Dr. Sarabhai was the establishment of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). After the Russian Sputnik launch in the late 50s, Sarabhai successfully managed to convince the government about the importance of a space program for a developing country like India.

Dr. Sarabhai emphasized the importance of a space program in his quote:

"There are some who question the relevance of space activities in a developing nation. To us, there is no ambiguity of purpose. We do not have the fantasy of competing with the economically advanced nations in the exploration of the moon or the planets or manned space-flight," Dr. Sarabhai was quoted emphasizing the importance of a space program. "But we are convinced that if we are to play a meaningful role nationally, and in the community of nations, we must be second to none in the application of advanced technologies to the real problems of man and society."

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Widely regarded as the father of India's nuclear science program, Indian physicist Dr. Homi Bhabha helped Dr. Sarabhai in setting up the first rocket launching station at Thumba near Thiruvananthapuram and the inaugural flight was launched in November 1963.

Dr. Sarabhai had a dialogue with NASA in 1966 as a result of which the Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) was launched during July 1975 - July 1976.

Thanks to Sarabhai's efforts, the first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was put in orbit in 1975 from a Russian Cosmodrome.

Dr. Sarabhai died on December 30, 1971 at the age of 52.

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