Updated May 3rd, 2024 at 15:22 IST

Must-visit Caves In India: Take A Peek Into Our Glorious Past

If you are a history buff and want to visit enchanting caves located in our country, here are five options to experience the wonders of the past.

Badami Caves in Karnataka | Image:Unsplash

India is home to a wonderful treasure of history, culture, and architectural marvels. From grand palaces to intricately carved rock-cut temples and from man-made lakes to swirling tunnels, our craftsmanship has never been the one to be rivalled. If you wish to visit enchanting caves located in our country, here are five options to experience the wonders of the past.

Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Maharashtra

Located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, the Ajanta and Ellora caves are UNESCO World Heritage Sites renowned for their exquisite rock-cut architecture and stunning sculptures. The Ajanta caves date back to the 2nd century BCE and are adorned with intricate paintings depicting Buddhist legends and teachings. The Ellora caves, spanning a period from the 6th to 10th centuries CE, showcase a harmonious blend of Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist architecture, including the famous Kailasa Temple carved from a single rock.

Ajanta and Ellora Caves | Image: Unsplash

Badami Caves, Karnataka

The Badami caves, nestled amidst the sandstone cliffs of the Badami Fort in Karnataka, are renowned for their stunning rock-cut temples dedicated to Hindu and Jain deities. Dating back to the 6th and 7th centuries CE, these caves feature intricately carved sculptures, bas-reliefs, and architectural elements depicting scenes from Hindu mythology and Jain iconography. The four main caves—dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, and the Jain Tirthankaras—showcase the architectural prowess of the Chalukya dynasty.

Elephanta Caves, Maharashtra

Located on Elephanta Island in Mumbai Harbor, the Elephanta caves are a UNESCO World Heritage Site famed for their impressive rock-cut temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. Dating back to the 5th to 8th centuries CE, these caves feature intricately carved sculptures and panels depicting various aspects of Hindu mythology, including the iconic Trimurti sculpture of Lord Shiva in his threefold form. The Elephanta caves are a popular tourist destination and offer breathtaking views of the Arabian Sea.

Bhimbetka Caves, Madhya Pradesh

Situated amidst the Vindhya mountain range in Madhya Pradesh, the Bhimbetka caves are an archaeological treasure trove dating back to the Palaeolithic era. These rock shelters bear evidence of human habitation dating back over 30,000 years, with cave paintings depicting scenes of daily life, hunting, and rituals. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Bhimbetka caves offer a fascinating glimpse into the prehistoric past of India's indigenous tribes.

Bhimbetka Caves | Image: Unsplash

Bagh Caves, Madhya Pradesh

The Bagh caves, situated near the town of Bagh in Madhya Pradesh, are a group of nine rock-cut caves dating back to the 5th to 7th centuries CE. These caves are renowned for their exquisite Buddhist sculptures, architectural details, and vibrant murals depicting scenes from the life of the Buddha and various Jataka tales. The Bagh caves are considered masterpieces of Gupta period art and are designated as a protected archaeological site.


Published May 3rd, 2024 at 15:22 IST