NASA Study Shows Ice Deposits On Mars Can Be Used As Drinking Water

Rest of the World News

NASA has recently released a research paper that highlights the treasure map for water ice on Mars. A region on Mars has shallow ice deposits buried underground

Written By Vishal Tiwari | Mumbai | Updated On:

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is planning to launch a big mission to send humans on Mars and the stepping stone for it is going to be the Moon mission scheduled for 2024. The main objective for NASA is to find water on Mars that will help in both drinking and recreation of rocket fuel. NASA has recently released a research paper that highlights the treasure map for ice deposits on Mars. 

Read: NASA Reveals Theory Behind Loss Of Water From Surface Of Mars

Ice deposits on Mars can be used as drinking water

A region on the red planet has shallow ice deposits buried a few centimetres below the surface. Liquid water can't last on Mars as it evaporates when exposed to the atmosphere so Martian water is locked underground. Water ice is going to play a major role in finding a potential landing site for the astronauts. The study's authors relied on two heat-sensitive instruments. NASA used MRO's Mars Climate Sounder and the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) camera on Mars Odyssey to locate water ice on Mars. Heat sensitive instruments were used because the surface above water ice is relatively cooler than the other parts of the planet. 

Read: NASA Scientists Observe 'bizarre' Fluctuating Levels Of Oxygen On Mars

According to NASA's official website, "there is no need to backhoe and dig up this ice. You could use a shovel," said the paper's lead author, Sylvain Piqueux of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. "We're continuing to collect data on buried ice on Mars, zeroing in on the best places for astronauts to land," he added. 

Read: Landing Site Of Mars 2020 Rover Could Preserve Signs Of Ancient Life: Study

According to reports, a large portion of a region called Arcadia Planitia in the northern hemisphere is one of the major targets for NASA to land on Mars. NASA is also planning to build the first Martian Research Station on the red planet and the satellites orbiting the planet will help determine the best places. 

Read: Mineral Capable Of Preserving Life's Signatures Found On Mars: Study

By 2030, 40% Indians will not have access to drinking water