Updated May 1st, 2024 at 00:09 IST

Columbia University Threatens to Expel Students Occupying Hamilton Hall

At present, police officials have said they will not move into the building unless Columbia authorities ask them to intervene.

Students blocked the entrance of Hamilton Hall using furniture and metal barricades. | Image:AP

New York: Dozens of protesters took over a building at Columbia University in New York early Tuesday, barricading entrances and unfurling a Palestinian flag from a window in the latest escalation of demonstrations against the Israel-Hamas war on college campuses nationwide.

The school promised they would face expulsion.


The occupation at Columbia — where protesters shrugged off an ultimatum to abandon a tent encampment Monday or be suspended — unfolded as other universities stepped up efforts to clear out encampments.

Police swept through some campuses, spurring confrontations with protesters and plenty of arrests. In rarer instances, university officials and protest leaders have struck agreements to restrict the disruption to campus life.


And as cease-fire negotiations appeared to gain steam Tuesday, it wasn’t clear whether those talks would inspire campus protesters to ease their efforts.

The takeover of Hamilton Hall

Protesters on Columbia's Manhattan campus locked arms in front of Hamilton Hall early Tuesday and carried furniture and metal barricades to the building, among several that were occupied during a 1968 civil rights and anti-Vietnam War protest.

Posts on an Instagram page for protest organisers shortly after midnight urged people to protect the encampment and join them at Hamilton Hall. A “Free Palestine” banner hung from a window.


“An autonomous group reclaimed Hind’s Hall, previously known as ‘Hamilton Hall,’ in honour of Hind Rajab, a martyr murdered at the hands of the genocidal Israeli state at the age of six years old,” CU Apartheid Divest posted on the social platform X early Tuesday.

Hamilton Hall opened in 1907 and is named for Alexander Hamilton — one of the founding fathers of the United States — who attended King's College, Columbia's original name.


The takeover occurred nearly 12 hours after Monday’s 14:00 deadline for the protesters to leave an encampment of around 120 tents or face suspension.

“Not a peaceful protest”

In a statement Tuesday, Columbia spokesperson Ben Chang said, “Students occupying the building face expulsion.” He said those who didn't agree to the terms from Monday were being suspended.

“Protesters have chosen to escalate to an untenable situation — vandalising property, breaking doors and windows, and blockading entrances — and we are following through with the consequences we outlined yesterday,” he said.


The public safety department said in a statement that access to the campus was limited to students living in the residential buildings and essential employees, and that their safety “is paramount.”

There was just one access point into and out of campus.


New York Police Department Chief Jeffrey Maddrey, speaking at a news conference Tuesday, said police won’t enter Columbia’s campus without a request from the college administration or an imminent emergency.

Protesters insisted they would remain at the hall until the university agrees to three demands: divestment, financial transparency and amnesty.


At many campuses, including Columbia, the conflict over protests appeared to be coming to a head.

The standoffs have drawn concern from the White House. National Security Council spokesperson John Kirby said President Joe Biden believes students occupying an academic building is “absolutely the wrong approach,” and “not an example of peaceful protest.”


The office of the UN human rights chief, Volker Türk, meanwhile, expressed concern about “heavy-handed steps” taken to dismantle protests on US campuses, while stressing that antisemitic, anti-Arab and anti-Palestinian comments were “totally unacceptable and deeply disturbing.”

Violence and arrests at other universities

At California State Polytechnic University, Humboldt, where protesters have occupied two buildings, dozens of police officers in helmets and carrying batons marched onto campus early Tuesday and cleared both halls.

The university said 25 people were arrested and there were no injuries. The sweep was broadcast on the Facebook page of KAEF-TV, a satellite of KRCR-TV until police detained the reporter.


The university earlier announced a “hard closure,” meaning that people were not allowed on campus without authorisation. The university posted a shelter-in-place order on its website at 15:24.

The order was lifted several hours later, but residents were warned to stay in the living, dining and market areas.


At Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, police and demonstrators clashed Monday night as officers took down tents, charged the line of demonstrators, deployed chemical agents to disperse the crowd, and made arrests, the Richmond Times-Dispatch reported.

Some protesters hurled water bottles and other objects at police.


Yale authorities on Tuesday morning cleared an encampment after protesters heeded final warnings to leave, university officials said.

No arrests were reported. Demonstrators said on social media that they were moving their gathering to a sidewalk area. The encampment was set up Sunday, six days after police arrested nearly 50 people, including 44 students, and took down dozens of tents.


Dozens of people were arrested Monday during protests at universities in Texas, Utah, Virginia and New Jersey, while Columbia said hours before the takeover of Hamilton Hall that it had started suspending students.

At the University of Texas at Austin, 79 people involved in the Monday protest were jailed, according to the Travis County sheriff’s department, most charged with criminal trespass.


A small group of students at Portland State University in Oregon broke into the university’s library late Monday, drawing a sharp rebuke from city officials and the district attorney. The downtown campus, where protesters had been demonstrating mostly peacefully, was closed Tuesday.

Also Tuesday, police cleared an encampment at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and detained about 30 people. At the University of Connecticut, police made arrests after protesters refused to remove tents.


The nationwide campus protests began in response to Israel’s offensive in Gaza after Hamas launched a deadly attack on southern Israel on October 7.

Militants killed about 1,200 people, most of them civilians, and took roughly 250 hostages. Vowing to stamp out Hamas, Israel has killed more than 34,000 Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, according to the local health ministry.


Israel and its supporters have branded the university protests as antisemitic, while critics of Israel say it uses those allegations to silence opposition.

Although some protesters have been caught on camera making antisemitic remarks or violent threats, organisers of the protests, some of whom are Jewish, say it is a peaceful movement aimed at defending Palestinian rights and protesting the war.


Peaceful negotiations continue elsewhere 

In a rare case, Northwestern University said it reached an agreement with students and faculty who represent the majority of protesters on its campus near Chicago.


It allows peaceful demonstrations through the end of spring classes in exchange for some concessions.

At the University of Southern California, organisers of a large encampment sat down with university President Carol Folt for about 90 minutes Monday. Folt declined to discuss details but said talks would continue Tuesday.


USC officials banned the valedictorian, who has publicly supported Palestinians, from making a commencement speech, scrapped the keynote speech and declined to award honorary degrees. They have since cancelled USC's main graduation event.


Published May 1st, 2024 at 00:09 IST