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Updated January 2nd, 2024 at 17:41 IST

2023 was second warmest year for India since 1901, says IMD

The year 2023 was the second warmest on record for India since 1901 and the year witnessed 2,376 casualities due to extreme weather conditions.

Ronit Singh
2023 was second warmest year for India since 1901, says IMD
College girls braving the roads during summer | Image:PTI/File
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New Delhi: The year 2023 was the second warmest on record for India since 1901 and the year witnessed 2,376 casualities due to events connected with extreme weather conditions, said the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) on Monday. Thunderstorm and lightning alone contributed to 50 per cent of the total deaths, it added. 

"The annual mean land surface air temperature averaged over India during 2023 was 0.65 degree Celsius above the long term average (1981-2010 period), making it the second warmest year on record since 1901. The highest warming was observed in 2016 when the anomaly was 0.71 degree Celsius," said the India Meteorological Department chief, M Mohapatra. 

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The year 2023, globally, was the "warmest year on record" with reporting the global mean temperature around 1.40 (± 0.12) degree Celsius above the pre-industrial level (1850 - 1900 average) till October.

The elevated global temperature anomaly, along with the corresponding increase in temperatures within India, may be ascribed to prevailing El Niño conditions which is warming of sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean that impacts monsoon negatively. 

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According to the IMD, thunderstorm and lightning caused 1,276 deaths in the country, followed by floods and heavy rain which caused 862 casualities. Further, heat waves contributed to 166 deaths in 2023.

The country reported more such casualties last year compared to 2022 when 2,227 people were killed in extreme weather-related events.

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The data revealed that Madhya Pradesh reported the highest number of casualties followed by the states of Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

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Published January 2nd, 2024 at 07:58 IST

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