Being in a metropolitan city, one can only think of growing plants according to the size of their balcony. There are some plans and strategies required before you think of setting up a home garden at your place. Here are some of the major essential gardening tips to follow when thinking of growing vegetables at your home.
For growing every vegetable, there is a common rule book that you may need to follow. Start with a good potting mix for your plant which consists of a compost-rich soil. Buy the vegetable seeds of your choice from a good nursery. Start by soaking your seeds and then planting them into smaller pots called planters. Wait till the seeds grow a few leaves, after which you can transfer them to a medium-sized pot that is 11 inches deep.
The basic requirement of growing vegetables is to have a substantial amount of sunlight depending on the type of plants you are potting. Water the soil only when the topsoil feels dry and fertilise the plants every 15 days or a month.
Sunlight availability - Place the vegetable pots in the right location as most veggies require 4-6 hours of direct sunlight. If you have a location that gets 6+ hours of light then the spot is your ideal one for planting vegetables.
Size of the container - For leafy greens like coriander, mint, spinach, and others, use the container which is 12” in diameter and 10-12” in height. Bigger plants like tomatoes, chillies and brinjals can be grown in the same dimensioned pot size, but instead of a bunch of plants, you need to plant a single seedling per pot.
Containers - Use terracotta (eco-friendly) or plastic or a wooden planter box. Remember to keep a few drainage holes at the bottom of each pot depending on the size of the pot.
Water - Choose a location in your balcony so that you can place the plants near the water source.
Choose your vegetables - Some veggies can be harvested within 1.5 months while others take 2-3 months. Some short term veggies include plants like spinach, coriander, mint, lettuce, and radish. While long term vegetables include tomatoes, brinjal, chilli, and cabbage.