This episode of “Future of Health” by Apollo Hospitals, brings to you detailed coverage of India and its health. Since independence, India has come a long way in almost every sphere of life. It has been successful in eradicating communicable diseases like chickenpox, polio and even malaria. But is India a completely healthy nation?
“With a fast-paced modern lifestyle which most of the Indians have started following, there has been an increase in the incidents of heart diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol. There has also been an increase in cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and when we talk about these diseases, they constitute the non-communicable diseases. The non-communicable diseases have become the number one killer worldwide, and more so in our continent and more in our sub-continent and as Indians we are more predisposed to all these kinds of diseases.” - Dr. Rahul Gupta (Consultant Cardiologist, Apollo Hospitals, Navi Mumbai)
Non – communicable diseases or NCDs are basically cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes and in India, people at a very young age start to experience these diseases. NCDs are responsible for 60% of the deaths annually. Heart attacks or any cardiovascular diseases mostly occur only after 60 years of age but now these diseases are very common in the 50s.
Such was a story of Mr. Vinod Kumar who experienced a fatal unrecognized heart attack at the age of 55. When the doctors examined him, he was barely conscious and there was no pulse and blood pressure. After investigating the doctors found out that he suffered from left ventricular rupture. It was a rare case where there were very fewer chances of survival and was the result of his unhealthy eating habits.
“I had gone to the office and everything was normal. I was joking around with my boss and went ahead to drink water. As I got up from the chair I collapsed. Then they took me to Apollo Hospital.” - Vinod Kumar (Patient)
The major causes of these diseases are our lifestyle which includes the way we live and our eating habits. Balance in carbohydrates, proteins, and fats is essential and should be maintained as small changes in lifestyle can lead to a healthy life.
Watch the video to know more about the causes and effects of Non communicable diseases and how to prevent them in the future.